Towards a fossil-free site
Since 2019, all internal vehicles previously run by diesel at the Sandvik industrial area in Sandviken, Sweden run on biofuel HVO100. This change leads to a net reduction of our carbon dioxide emissions from internal transport by as much as about 90%, or 2,200 tons per year.
At the time of the change of fuel, the site in Sandvik had almost 150 diesel-powered vehicles in the fleet that used 800,000 liters of fuel per year.
“By switching to biofuel HVO100, we contribute to major improvements for the environment, both in terms of emissions of carbon dioxide, particles and NOX gases. Actually, we improve the environment throughout the entire local area”, says Roland Andersson, Manager Internal Transportations Sandviken.
Fuel made by residual products
HVO100 is made of residual products, mainly from the food industry and restaurants. The number of manufacturers that produce HVO100 for the Swedish market is currently limited and the availability of raw material is a limiting factor.
“The supplier that Sandvik has signed guarantees delivery, but the availability of raw material can be a critical factor. However, there are several interesting initiatives utilizing residual products from the forest and pulp industry, which could increase the supply in the Nordic countries”, Roland Andersson explains.
Jan-Olof Bergström, Manager Vehicle Maintenance, considers HVO100 to currently be the best option for the site in Sandviken from a life cycle analysis perspective.
“The only thing that would be better is hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicles, but then we would have to convert the vehicles. To change from diesel to HVO is easy and we have simply filled our tank here on the site with HVO instead of diesel”, says Jan-Olof Bergström.
HVO is an acronym for Hydrated Vegetable Oil. The name HVO100 means that the fuel consists of 100% HVO. HVO is 100% renewable diesel fuel and is produced by hydrogen treatment of plant and animal fats. HVO100 is approved by most engine manufacturers and works in all types of diesel engines. From a usage point of view, the fuel is identical to fossil diesel. Practical experience does not show any difference. HVO100 also has good cooling properties and can handle temperatures down to minus 32 degrees centigrade. No change work on vehicles is needed for switching from fossil diesel to HVO100.
- Internal transportation in Sandviken gets a net reduction of the carbon footprint by 2,200 tons per year, corresponding to 1.5% of business area Sandvik Materials Technology's global carbon footprint. (During 2016–2018 the average for the business area was 142855 tons CO2).
- 1 ton of CO2 corresponds to 5,000 km of driving or a one-way flight from Stockholm to Rome.
- 2,200 tons of CO2 corresponds to 11 million kilometers per year or 733 persons year-round car driving (normal car driving per year on average 1500 kilometers)